10 principles of kitchen planning and 6 types of layouts

How to develop a kitchen plan

Kitchen planning is more than just a layout of furniture and equipment. This is a project of a significant part of the life of the household, therefore it is necessary to approach its development with full responsibility. Our planning guide, as well as a selection of 80 illustrative photo examples, will help you make the right decisions and plan your kitchen plan as efficiently as possible.

10 rules for kitchen planning

Before you start creating a plan for the future kitchen, you should familiarize yourself with the basic rules of ergonomics and safety, furniture size standards and proven design techniques.

  1. The main rule on which to rely when planning a kitchen is the rule of the so-called work triangle. According to him, the sink, stove and refrigerator should not be arranged linearly, but in a triangular pattern. It is important that the working points are next to each other - at a distance of no more than 180 cm. So the kitchen scenario will turn out to be the most harmonious: first you take the products out of the refrigerator, then carry them to the sink to wash, then the ingredients are cut / mixed and, finally, sent to the stove.
Work triangle in the interior of the corner kitchen

Superfluous rushes, time and effort expenses while observing the rule of the working triangle are minimized

  1. Kitchen planning begins with determining the location of the sink - it should be located within 2.5 m from the riser. Of course, the sink can be rearranged further 2.5 m, for example, to the window, but in a city apartment this will require at least the slope of the water supply pipe, and at the maximum - the installation of a pump. If you are planning kitchen in a private house, it is best to place the sink by the window - and the cook is more pleasant, and good for saving electricity. Next to the sink put dishwasher and / or washing machine. As a rule, PMM is placed to the left of the car wash, if its user is right handed, and to the right of the car wash - if left handed.
  2. The next point on the plan is a plate. It should be located at a distance of 40-180 cm from the sink and, of course, closer to the air vent and gas pipeline, if there is one. In the gap between the sink and stove, you can enter the main work surface, where you will cut and mix products. Well, if its length is 90 cm - this is not small, and not too much. On the other side of the slab, there should also be a free gap not less than 40 cm wide - this is necessary according to safety measures.

Planning a small kitchen without a refrigerator

  • Important! Placing a slab by the window at a distance of less than 40 cm is not safe and simply not practical.
  1. The minimum width of the aisles in the kitchen should be about 120 cm. In such a “pedestrian zone”, households can move without interrupting the culinary specialist to cook, get food from the cabinets and refrigerator, load the dishwasher. If the kitchen is a checkpoint, as is often the case in private houses, the passage should be increased to 130-150 cm. In very small and impassable kitchens, 1-meter walkways are permissible.
Kitchen in a private house

Layout of the entrance of the kitchen in a private house

  1. It is more convenient to place the refrigerator closer to the sink than to the stove. It can also be built into the unit next to the oven and microwave.If there is an acute shortage of space, the refrigerator can simply be brought out of the kitchen, for example, into the living room or corridor.
Linear layout of a small kitchen

Planning a small kitchen without a refrigerator

  1. When planning the kitchen, remember that the projections are almost always possible to "get around" shallow cupboards, and niches accommodate storage.

Corner kitchen with a ledge

If necessary, you can move the doorways, slightly move them or expand / narrow them. By the way, the doors can be removed, rearranged or replaced with a folding / sliding design.

Door opening to the outside

In the gasified kitchen it is impossible to remove the door, but it can be replaced with a folding / sliding door. You can do it easier - just rearrange the hinges to open the door

  1. The most convenient way is to draw headset layout options in special programs. For example, simple and free planners like Planner5D, SketchUP Pro or online IKEA designer will do.
  2. To get a clearer idea of ​​whether the layout you have developed is suitable for your kitchen, chalk out the full-size furniture and appliances on the floor and walls. So you can see errors in the plan, resolve doubts or come up with new ideas.
  3. Keep in mind that to win extra space when planning a small kitchen possible due to the reduced equipment: a refrigerator with a width of 55 cm, a dishwasher with a width of 45 cm, and a washing machine with a reduced depth of 35 cm.

4 meter kitchen with mini appliances

  1. The layout of the kitchen should take into account the size of the dining area, more precisely the rules of ergonomics:
  • The width of the seat should be at least 60 cm, and the depth - at least 40 cm;
  • From the edge of the table to the wall / furniture there should be free space for a chair 80 cm long;
  • Standard chair has a width of 50 cm and a depth of 40-43 cm, a chair with armrests has a large width - about 70 cm.

See also: Top 10 manufacturers of kitchens according to en2.decoratex.biz

Types of layouts

There are 6 types of kitchen layouts:

  • Linear (single row);
  • L-shaped (corner);
  • U-shaped;
  • Double row (parallel);
  • Island;
  • Peninsular.

Variants of kitchen plans

Let's look at each of the types in more detail.

Linear circuit

Pros: The linear layout of the headset is the most compact, versatile and, moreover, simple in design at least due to the absence of corners - and therefore the direct kitchen is a bit cheaper.

Minuses: This option is the most inconvenient layout, since it violates the rule of the "working triangle".

Ideal for: very small and narrow kitchens (up to 2 m wide), walk-through kitchens, kitchen studios and kitchen hallways. Also, linear layout is suitable for those who rarely and cooks little.

Linear kitchen layout

Linear kitchen in redesigned Khrushchev

Very small kitchen with a linear layout.

Very small kitchen layout

Planning Tips:

  • To reduce the inconvenience of direct kitchen, you need to try to plan it so that the sink is in the center between the stove and the refrigerator.
  • Linear layout of the kitchen-dining room
  • To increase the number of storage places, it is worth stretching the linear headset to the ceiling.
  • Often a direct kitchen can be turned into a corner one if combine headset with window sill and arranging a sink or work surface in it, as shown in the following photo examples.
  • Classic corner kitchen

Sill-countertop in a small kitchen

For details, see the material: All about planning direct (linear, single row) kitchen

L-shaped scheme

Pros: This layout is good for everyone - it is comfortable, versatile, compact and, at the same time, roomy due to the angle involved. The corner kitchen allows you to put a dining table in the center of the room.

Minuses: The L-shaped set is somewhat more complicated and more expensive to design, because the corner module requires additional fittings such as a carousel, a pull-out basket or a bookcase. If you leave the corner without additional equipment, it will be inconvenient to use it.

Ideal for: Rectangular kitchens, small and medium rooms.

  • L-shaped kitchen layout
    Photo kitchen with L-shaped layout

Planning Tips:

  • It is convenient to embed a sink or stove into a corner, especially if you make the corner not straight, but sloping.
  • You can make one of the sides of the headset (see photo). For example, the one that is located at the entrance - so it will become more comfortable to enter the kitchen.
  • Corner kitchen with a sloping pedestal at the entrance

More details: How to plan the perfect corner kitchen

Here are some more photos of small kitchens with an angular layout.

L-shaped layout of a small kitchen

L-shaped kitchen with built-in window sill

Small corner kitchen

Two-row scheme

Pros: A set in two lines allows you to create a convenient “work triangle” and effectively use two walls of a narrow / elongated room.

Minuses: This layout option is convenient only if it is not too wide and not too narrow aisle - 120-150 cm wide. The second drawback is less security compared to other types of layouts, especially if the kitchen is passable. In addition, a two-row headset can create a feeling of tightness.

Ideal for: Elongated and narrow kitchens (2.2 m wide), walk-through rooms and utilitarian kitchens that do not have a dining area.

Planning Tips:

  • It is more convenient, and most importantly safer, to plan the kitchen so that the sink and stove are in the same row, and the refrigerator in the other.

Two-row kitchen layout of 8 square. m

  • It is better to make one of the rows shorter than the other, then it will be possible to find a place for a dinner table.
  • AT square kitchen a two-row layout is also possible, in this case the dining table is placed in the center, for example, as shown in the following photo.

Two-row kitchen-living room layout

Below are other photos of interiors of kitchens with a parallel layout.

  • Two-row narrow kitchen

Double row kitchen

Narrow kitchen with a two-row layout

More details: How to equip a two-row kitchen-galley

U-shaped scheme

Pros: This is the most convenient option for planning, when everything you need is literally at the hand of the chef. Due to the use of three walls and corners, the U-shaped kitchen is very roomy.

Minuses: U-shaped headset is the most cumbersome and often requires a large area.

Ideal for: Especially suitable for square rooms (2.2 m wide), and kitchens for purely utilitarian purposes, as well as for kitchens in which they often cook a lot.

  • Beige U-shaped kitchen

White U-shaped kitchen

  • U-shaped layout in the kitchen in a private house
    U-shaped kitchen layout in the house

Planning Tips:

  • U-shaped layout is possible even in a small kitchen in Khrushchev, just enough to use the window sill.
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
White U-shaped kitchen without handles

U-shaped layout of a small kitchen

  • When planning a U-shaped headset, keep in mind that a passage of less than 100 cm and more than 180 cm will make the space uncomfortable.

Kitchen-living room with U-shaped suite

  • To visually facilitate the interior of the U-shaped kitchen, leave one or two walls. without wall cabinets.
  • U-shaped kitchen without wall cabinets

More details: How to equip the U-shaped kitchen


Pros: The island will make the kitchen of any layout more convenient and functional. Also, the island can conveniently divide the space, say, into the living room and kitchen or into the working and dining area.

Kitchen-dining room with an island

Minuses: Even a small island is only possible on big kitchen area of ​​18 square meters. m

Ideal for: Spacious kitchens and kitchens, united with living room/dining room.

Mobile island and U-shaped kitchen

Photo planning kitchen with a mini-island

  • Island kitchen design in Stalinka
    Island planning kitchen-living room in Stalinka

Island in the kitchen

Direct kitchen with an island

Corner kitchen with island

Planning Tips:

  • The shape of the island must match the shape of the room.
  • It is important that around the table-island there are passages with a width of at least 1 meter.
  • Well, if the car wash is located opposite the island or even in the island itself.
  • Embedding the hob on the island is easier than washing.

Read more Kitchen with an island - all the features of planning and design


Pros: The peninsula also allows you to make the kitchen more convenient and functional, to divide the space into zones. However, unlike the island, it is more compact (due to one of the ends resting against the wall / furniture).

Minuses: Still, "eats" a lot of free space.

Ideal for: Medium and large kitchens, studio kitchens and kitchens combined with a living / dining room.

Small kitchen with a peninsula

Layout of a small kitchen with a peninsula

Linear kitchen with a peninsula

  • Peninsula Corner Kitchen
    Peninsula with integrated dishwasher

Built-in peninsula with stove

Peninsula Kitchen

Planning Tips:

  • On one side of the peninsula is convenient to equip bar counter. For those who lead a mobile lifestyle, this peninsula stand can replace a full-sized dining table.

Peninsula Kitchen

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