How to choose washing powder from all those boxes and packages that are forced to store shelves? Maybe you are faithful to the product that your mom used, a product with a favorite smell, or simply buying the first thing that came handy ... If you want to approach the issue more consciously, study our rating of low and medium price washing powder, as well as a brief reference for the buyer at the choice of means for washing.
Attention! In our rating of washing powders, powders with phosphates are NOT the most harmful components of detergents for ecology and human health. For example, such means as “Eared nannies” (yes, the most popular children's laundry detergent consists of phosphates by 15-30%!) And SARMA. The last option according to consumer assessment is very effective, but it contains 5-15% of phosphates, which is not very much, but still not good. For more information about the dangers of phosphates, see the last chapter of this article.
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Phosphates is a class of salts obtained as a result of a chemical reaction of phosphoric acid with other elements of the well-known periodic table. Phosphates in the manufacture of household chemicals began to apply in the 60s. But when, after 25 years, experts proved their harmful effects, almost all countries, the first was Japan, began to abandon them. In the USSR, while and until now, after disintegration, phosphates are used in laundry detergents and other chemicals, saying that they control their allowable rate. But if the norm in some European countries is up to 1%, in England up to 12%, then on the territory of the CIS this figure is 30%. One of the consequences of the use of phosphate household chemicals are allergic reactions and dermatological diseases, resulting from a violation of the acid-base balance of skin cells. In addition, the whole body suffers, because substances can penetrate the blood, causing a violation of the functions of internal organs. This can lead to exacerbation of chronic diseases or even severe poisoning. In addition to the fact that phosphates themselves cause great harm to human health, they also increase the toxicity of surfactants. Getting into ideal conditions created by phosphates, surfactants can be absorbed into the blood and cause a violation of immunity. # Ecohomeaz_💡 #fosfatlar #maraqlimelumat # # poleznayainformatsiya phosphates eco # # # products for cleaning # # Azerbaijan #ekoloji #temizlik #azerbaycanda #whitecataz #beliykotaz #smartmicrofiberaz # smart # # microfiber white cat # # # official regional office # # in # azerbaijan
Rating of washing powders in the mass market category
We selected 10 popular universal washing powders of low and medium price categories (from 90 to 200 rubles / kg) and rated them on a 5-point scale according to 3 criteria: washing ability, safety, general consumer rating.
Here's what we got:
- The best washing powder - Persil;
- The best inexpensive washing powder - Dosia;
- Worst Powder Rating - Pemos.
And here is the rating (if you look at the table on the smartphone, turn it to the horizontal position - the whole table will go into the screen area):
|Powder name||Washing ability||Security||Consumer rating||Overall Rating|
|Amway Home Premium SA8||3||5||3,5||11,5|
|Dosia Alpine Freshness||3,5||3||4||10,5|
|Myth Fresh Color||2,5||2||4||8,5|
|Pemos Active Oxygen||3||1||4||8|
Note: With an equal number of points, the highest place in the ranking is taken by the powder with a lower price.
How did we make the rating?
And now more about how we tested laundry detergents.
- Detergency Identical samples of white fabric made from 100% cotton were stained with 5 types of stains: red wine, ketchup, women's lipstick, grass and grease. In order for the spots to have time to get into the material, we left the samples for 24 hours and only then washed them in a washing machine at a temperature of 30 degrees in the “Cotton” mode for 2 hours. We evaluated the washed samples on a 5-point scale, where: 5 points - stains completely disappeared from the fabric; 4 points - stains have become barely noticeable; 3 points - spots are clearly visible on the fabric, but significantly pale and diminished in size; 2 points - the spots turned pale and decreased not significantly; 1 ball - the spots almost did not change in size and color. Immediately, we note that the ideal result could not be achieved with a single powder.
- Security. Since we cannot obtain laboratory data on the toxicity index of all washing powders, as well as data on the ability of a-surfactant powders of different grades to leach out of the tissues, we decided to determine the safety of the agents by their compositions. The assessment methodology is as follows: we assigned a conditional hazard index to each harmful substance that can be used in laundry detergents, then we calculated the sum of the indices for each powder and transferred the results to a 5-point system. Of course, this method of assessing the safety of funds is not the most accurate, but it is enough to determine the “least evil” and powders that you should keep away from.
Here is a list of undesirable components with indication of conditional indices of hazard
- Anionic Surfactants (A-surfactant, A-Tenzida) - 0,3
- Phosphonates and phosphorites (less "evil" substitutes for phosphates) - 0,2
- Optical bleach - 0,2
- Odorants - 0,2
- Zeolites - 0,1
Notes: In some powders, a-surfactants and phosphonates are contained in a minimal amount, that is, less than 5%, and this is already good. Therefore, in such cases, we decided to reduce the indicators of harm by 0.1. Another clarification: in the washing powder “Myth” there are only two components from our list, but there are others, namely benzyl acetate and linonen. We assigned a hazard index of 0.1 to each of them.
Now about transferring the results of calculating the indices of harm into a 5 point system:
- 5 points = sum of hazard index 0.5;
- 4 points = 0,6;
- 3 points = 0,7;
- 2 points = 0,8;
- 1 point = 0,9-1.
About exactly what these ingredients of laundry detergent are so bad, read more in the next chapter.
- Consumer rating. We analyzed the reviews of users of the Otzovik.ru and irecommend.ru sites and estimated the reputation of washing powders on a 5-point scale, where: 5 points - mostly positive feedback, 4 points - mostly good grades, 3 points - satisfactory ratings, 2 points - mostly bad reviews, 1 ball - mostly sharply negative user reviews.
Detailed analysis of washing powders rating
1st place: “Persil Color” (Henkel LLC) - the most effective powder
Price for 1 kg: 164 rub.
Security: A powder with a moderately harmful composition (a-surfactant, fragrance, phosphonate) is NOT suitable for washing children's clothes. However, there is good news: according to laboratory data from Roskontrol, after washing with this powder, the minimum amount of surfactant remains in the fabric.
Efficiency: Persil showed better efficacy, perfectly washing off contamination from ketchup and grass, well removing stains from grease and wine. However, the traces of red lipstick remained clearly visible and only slightly turned pale.
Minuses: high price, high consumption, strong smell.
2nd place: “Dosia Alpine Freshness” (Rekit Benkizer Production LLC) - inexpensive good quality powder
Price for 1 kg: 108 rub.
Security: Powder with a moderately harmful composition (a-surfactant <5%, fragrances, optical bleach, zeolite) is NOT suitable for washing children's clothes. However, just like the Persil washing powder, Dosia showed excellent washout of surfactants from washed laundry (according to Roscontrol's laboratory studies). In addition, a-surfactant in the composition of the powder is less than 5%, which is a very rare advantage.
Efficiency: In general, Dosia showed good efficiency, having perfectly cleaned traces of grass and ketchup, well removing greasy stains. However, the powder and lipstick powder coped only satisfactorily.
Pros: Low price, neutral smell.
Minuses: Great expense.
3rd place: “Amway Home Premium SA8” - the most expensive and safe, but not perfect
Price for 1 kg: 531 rub. Despite the high price, we included Amway powder in our rating, because according to the manufacturer, 1 kg of SA8 concentrate replaces 3 kg of regular powder.
Security: Laundry detergent SA8 has the best composition compared to other rating participants. It is the only one that does not contain a-surfactant and has an insignificant content of phosphonates (less than 5%). However, there are still harmful ingredients in SA8 - they are optical bleaches and fragrance. For this reason, it is NOT advisable to use powder for washing children's clothes.
Efficiency: Amway SA8 powder showed good results, completely wiping off stains from ketchup and grass, coped well with fat and wine stains, but badly with lipstick marks.
Pros: Low consumption, dispenser included and neutral smell.
Minuses: Even with 3 times less consumption, the price of the powder remains quite high.
4th place: “Aist” (CJSC “Aist”) - unexpected solid “good” from a domestic producer
Price for 1 kg: 115 rub.
Security: The stork has a good composition - from harmful ingredients only a-surfactant, optical bleach and fragrances. According to tests Roskoschestva powder perfectly washed out of the fabric.
Efficiency: Powder Stork showed good results, almost completely washes stains from ketchup, fat, grass. But poorly coped with lipstick and red wine.
Pros: Low price, neutral smell, soap and sodium carbonate in the composition.
Minuses: Powder is not sold in all stores.
5th place: “Sorti Color” (Nefis Cosmetics JSC) - an inexpensive workhorse
Price for 1 kg: 100 rub.
Security: The safety level of this powder can be called tolerable, since it contains a-surfactant, phosphonates and fragrances. According to Roskontrol, after washing laundry, a-surfactant is not completely washed out, therefore an additional rinse is recommended. Powder Sorti can not be used for washing children's clothes.
Efficiency: Sorti showed average washing ability, completely washing off stains from ketchup, grass, satisfactorily coped with a greasy stain, but poorly with traces of lipstick and red wine.
Pros: Low price.
Minuses: Dosya and Sorti powders are about the same cost and about equally toxic, but Dosya powder has shown greater efficiency.
6th place: “LOSK Color” (Henkel LLC) - the cheapest powder with good washing ability, but not very good composition
Price for 1 kg: 90 rub.
Security: This powder has 4 harmful ingredients (out of 5 possible): a-surfactant, phosphonates, fragrances and zeolites. Powder Gloss can not be used for washing children's clothes.
Efficiency: Powder Gloss showed good results, almost completely washes stains from ketchup and grass. Stains from wine, grease and red lipstick have become much paler.
Pros: The lowest price compared to other rating participants.
Minuses: The powder has a sharp smell. After our test wash, things left traces of indelible powder.
7th place: “Tide Color” (Procter & Gamble LLC) - effective powder with poor composition
Price for 1 kg: 170 rub.
Security: This powder has 5 harmful ingredients out of 5 possible: a-surfactant, phosphonates, optical brighteners, fragrances and zeolites. According to Roskontrol, after washing laundry, a-surfactant is not completely washed out, therefore an additional rinse is recommended. Powder "Tide" can not be used for washing children's clothes, it is undesirable to use allergies and people with sensitive skin.
Efficiency: "Tide" well removed stains from ketchup, grass and wine, satisfactorily coped with dirt from lipstick and grease.
Minuses: The powder has a sharp smell and is expensive.
8th place: “Pemos Active Oxygen” (LLC “Henkel”) - inexpensive powder with poor composition
Price for 1 kg: 107 rub.
Security: "Pemos" contains 5 harmful ingredients out of 5 possible. According to Roskontrol, this powder was the worst tested for toxicity (compared to Tide, Persil, Ariel, Myth and Sorti), but showed good a-surfactant washout. Powder "Pemos" can not be used for washing children's clothes, it is undesirable to use allergies and people with sensitive skin.
Efficiency: The average efficiency of washing - the tool coped well with ketchup and traces of grass, while the stains from wine, fat and lipstick remained, but turned very pale.
Pros: Low price, neutral smell.
Minuses: Large expenditure of funds.
9th place: Ariel Color (Procter & Gamble LLC) - an expensive powder of satisfactory quality.
Price for 1 kg: 160 rub.
Security: Ariel has 4 harmful ingredients out of 5 possible: a-surfactant, phosphonates, fragrances and zeolites. According to Roskontrol after washing linen a-surfactant is washed out badly, so it is recommended to conduct additional rinsing. Ariel powder can not be used for washing children's clothes, it is undesirable to use allergies and people with sensitive skin.
Efficiency: The tool showed average results of washing, perfectly removing stains from ketchup and herbs, but coping with fat, wine and red lipstick only satisfactorily.
Minuses: Pungent smell and high cost.
10th place: “Myth Freshness of Color” (Procter & Gamble LLC) - the most ineffective washing powder
Price for 1 kg: 90 rub.
Security: “Myth” contains only two ingredients from the list of the main hazards of powders declared by us: a-surfactant and fragrance. However, it also contains three additional aromatic additives that can cause allergies - limonene, linalool and benzyl salicylate. We assigned a hazard index of 0.1 to each of these substances. As a result, the powder scored 2 points by the criterion of safety. In addition, according to Roskontrol a-surfactants, the products are poorly washed out after washing, so the laundry requires an extra rinse. Powder "Myth" can not be used for washing children's clothes, it is undesirable to use allergies and people with sensitive skin.
Efficiency: The test results can be described as satisfactory: the stains from ketchup and grass were completely wiped off, the stains from fat and wine turned pale, but remained clearly visible, the lipstick turned slightly insignificant.
Pros: Low price.
Minuses: The powder forms a lot of foam, which is not good for a washing machine, does not cope well with stains of fat, wine and red lipstick.
How to choose washing powder - a certificate for the buyer
The main principle of how to choose washing powder is quite simple:
The tool should correspond to the type of fabric, method of washing and the nature of contamination.
- For washing clothes in a washing machine, use only powders labeled "Automatic" or a washing machine icon. Hand washing products cannot be used, as they form a lot of foam, which can damage the equipment.
- White and light linen should be washed with white laundry powder with oxygen bleach and enzymes in the composition. If you wash white clothes with powder for colored laundry, nothing bad will happen, but if you do the opposite, colored laundry can fade.
- For washing delicate fabrics - silk and wool - you need to use special powders.
- All washing powders from our rating are not suitable for washing children's clothes, despite the statements of manufacturers.
- Allergy sufferers should use fragrance-free powders (either with a minimum number of fragrances) and optical brighteners, as well as with a minimum amount of a-surfactant (<5%) or without it.
- Instead of washing powders it is more profitable to use gels in capsules. With other things being equal, gels are less consumed, already have air conditioning in the composition, dissolve and rinse better, and are simply easier to use.
- For removing complex contaminants, such as fat or blood, it is good to use washing powders with enzymes - bio-additives that effectively fight organic pollution and are safe for health. The more different types of enzymes in the washing powder, the more expensive and efficient it is. However, it is undesirable to use them for everyday washing, as enzymes gradually damage the fabric fibers. By the way, all washing powders of our rating have enzymes in their composition.
- Washing powders with zeolites can leave white spots on colored laundry and make the laundry tighter.
- Choosing washing powder, it is very useful to be able to “read” the compositions. Here is a short list of unwanted components, remembering that once, you will be able to independently find in the store good quality products.
Surfactant is the main component of washing powders. Surfactants are anionic and non-ionic. Most often, both types of surfactants are used in powders. Nonionic surfactants are harmless and even beneficial to the fabric, but anionic surfactants (hereinafter a-surfactants), although more effective in washing, are harmful to human health. The fact is that anionic surfactants tend to accumulate in the body, having a detrimental effect on the immune system, internal organs and even the brain. Also a-surfactants can cause allergies and contribute to the development of dermatitis.
- The more a-surfactant in the composition of the product, the more foam it forms.
- Ideally, in the washing powder in general there should be no a-surfactant or their content should be minimal - less than 5%.
2. Phosphates, phosphonates and phosphates
15-20 years ago, all washing powders contained phosphate – phosphorus compounds, which are designed to soften hard water and enhance the effect of surfactants. There is only one problem - phosphates are harmful both to the ecosystem of water bodies and to human health. Today, most products do not contain phosphates, but they contain a little less evil - phosphonates and phosphates. As a rule, they are used in smaller quantities (less than 5%) and by themselves they are less harmful. But still harmful: adversely affect the blood penetrating into it through the skin (changing the content of hemoglobin, protein, blood serum density) and also irritate the skin, disrupting its acid-base balance. Phosphates and their analogues are washed out of the fabric only after 10 rinses.
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Friends, welcome everyone! 🌱 ⠀ According to the tag # ira_vika_chemistry, we began to review the substances that are part of household chemicals.While we are dealing with phosphates and their substitutes - zeolites and phosphonates. Zeolites were last time, now 👇 ⠀ ✅ Phosphonates. In contrast, phosphate is organic phosphorus compounds. 🔸 name includes a whole group of substances - from neutral to poisonous. 🔸 "Not equal to phosphates". ⠀ Influence less damage to nature, which is explained by greater stability in water, and significantly lower content in everyday life. ⠀ временемWith time it does decay to phosphorus compounds absorbed by aquatic plants👎. ⠀ ➡️ Active use began in the 70s of the twentieth century in water treatment to soften water and prevent the formation of scale. Moreover, their effectiveness was quickly noted - almost 10 times more than that of phosphates ⠀ ➡️ Here, only standard phrases were found on the effects on the body: "they can cause allergic reactions and damage to the respiratory tract" 🤷♀ ⠀ ⚠️ Bad news for those , who by all means decided to avoid contact with phosphonates🤭: ⠀ 👉 Probably, they already come across to you in soap, but under a different “code” name, where they are added to soften water and improve detergent properties. ⠀ 👉 With a high probability, using a central hot water supply, there is also contact with phosphonates, which perform the function of "antiscale" (see above) "Who can add", especially about the harm to health -welcome! According to us, as an alternative to phosphates, there is so very much nothing 😄 # household chemicals # household chemicals # phosphates # ecological means # ecological powder # biological means # clean house # order in the house
3. Optical bleach
The purpose of optical brighteners (not to be confused with oxygen-containing bleach) is to “bleach” the fabric due to the light-reflecting properties, that is, in fact, to paint it. Therefore, after washing and rinsing optical bleaches remain forever on linen, having a harmful effect on the skin. Often powders with optical brighteners cause itching, irritation, redness, flaking or skin rash.
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Do not wash out when rinsing! Otherwise, there will be no whiteness effect. Do not forget to save you like and ☺️ In fact, the composition of the optical bleach is an organic dye. It masks the yellowness of the white fabric, but the fabric does not clean. 😜OO– are fluorescent substances, therefore, they show their effect in daylight and under ultraviolet rays. OO is added to laundry detergent to make things look white and bright. From washing to washing, OO accumulates in the fabric, becomes part of the fiber and is no longer washed out of it. Bleach is in regular contact with human skin, which can cause skin irritation, itching, peeling, redness and allergies. “Most often this occurs in children with atopic dermatitis (AD) and sensitive skin. Therefore, for linen and clothing kids need to use only natural remedies. Unfortunately, none of the most popular and widely advertised brands of children's laundry detergents in Russia comply with safety requirements, according to independent expert reviews! A small list of washing powders which include OO in the carousel, scroll through the photo. Be careful when buying laundry detergents. Make a choice: which is more important for you - the perfect look of the sheets or family health and ecology? The shining whiteness of linen or just its purity? Those who read to the end, please write in the comments such posts are useful, it is worth continuing the rubric or not, everything is already known))) It is important for me to know your opinion, because I am writing for you # health # family # health # allergy # asthma washing powder # eco-products # i'm choosing health # family # whosea
Zeolites in their effects and purpose similar to phosphates: they soften the water and increase the effect of a-surfactant 3 times.By themselves, zeolites are harmful because they degrease the skin, contributing to the destruction of fats.
Most fragrances cause allergic reactions with itchy skin, eye irritation, and even severe allergies. There may be more serious consequences - asthma and impaired coordination of movements.
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Hello! Friends, from that day I decided to launch ✍ rubric # informed choice. I hope my posts will be useful for you. Let's talk today about washing powders. Many have heard / know, but do not think about what damage they cause to health. What is harmful washing powder for health? - ❌ Aggressive surfactants - are not removed when rinsing, they accumulate in the organs of the body, can cause serious disorders in the immune system, contribute to the development of allergies, brain damage, liver, kidneys, lungs, increase the risk of infertility. ❌ Phosphates, phosphonates (banned in many countries) - significantly enhance the toxic properties of a-surfactant, disrupt metabolism. ❌ Flavors, fragrances (synthetic) - cause allergies, some are dangerous to the liver, are carcinogenic. ❌ Phthalates - accumulate in the human body, are dangerous for pregnant women and nursing, cause intrauterine development disorders, increase the risk of infertility, affect the lungs, liver, kidneys, endocrine and nervous systems. ❌ Optical bleaches - irritate the skin. ❌ Sulphates - irritating, allergic reactions may occur. ❌ Chlorine is extremely toxic, primarily affects the lungs; destructive to all systems of the body, adversely affects the skin and hair, increases the risk of cancer. These are the main and most harmful substances, but the list does not end there. And now about 🌳 ecology: - ❌ surfactants + bleaches + perborates + flavors = poison for sea and river animals. ❌ Surfactants - violate the environmental quality of water, make water dangerous, which leads to deterioration of human health. ❌ Phosphates - getting into the reservoirs, cause uncontrolled growth of bacteria that produce toxins, which leads to poisoning of animals and humans. Ponds affected by phosphate turn into swamps. ❌ Phthalates - phthalate emissions from their use and production pollute the global ecosystem. ❌ Chlorine and bleaches - destroy all life in the aquatic environment. Take care of your health! 🌱 # greenway # success # health # beauty # home # children # care # ecology # living without chemistry # all your hands # choosing # your choice # taking care of your health # washing powder
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