Decorating the walls in the kitchen with vinyl wallpaper - 6 steps from shopping to gluing

vinyl kitchen wall decoration

Vinyl wallpaper - is one of the main types of coatings, which is suitable for wall decoration in the kitchen.

Pros: durability (10-15 years), moisture resistance, in washable species - water-repellent properties, durability, resistance to fading and fading, ability to hide wall irregularities and “tolerate” their movements, soundproofing ability (for non-woven wallpaper).

Minuses: artificiality, unpleasant smell (in some types of wallpaper), the release of harmful volatile substances (in small doses), poor air permeability (in some species), which can contribute to the formation of fungus and mold on the surface of the walls.

Step 1. First, select the base - which is better paper or non-woven?

Vinyl wallpaper for the kitchen - composition

Vinyl wall-paper, as a rule, consists of two layers - from a basis which can be paper or flizelinovy, and also from the top decorative protective layer from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) on which the stamping or drawing is applied.

Advice for those who do not want to delve into the nuances of the differences of all types of wallpaper:

  • The best wallpapers for the kitchen are solid washable vinyl non-woven wallpaper. They better tolerate frequent washing, abrasion, temperature changes, high humidity, do not fade, soundproof and due to greater density well hide small flaws in the wall. And most importantly - they "breathe", which means that there is no mold under them and they do not emit harmful volatile substances. Theoretically, such wallpaper can last for 15 years without much change. In addition, they are easier to stick, because they do not stretch from the glue, which, moreover, is applied not to the wallpaper, but only on the wall.

Step 2. Now select the look of the vinyl layer.

The top layer of vinyl wallpaper, that is, the actual vinyl, is also different. All types of vinyl coatings can be divided into 3 large groups:

  1. foamed vinyl: structured wallpaper with decorative embossed and for painting;

Vinyl wallpaper for painting

  1. flat vinyl, hot stamping vinyl - this group includes the so-called "Supermarket", silk-screen printing and compact vinyl;
  1. hard vinyl

Now let's talk about the applicability of these types specifically to the kitchen.

  1. Foam vinyl-based coatings on paper base have a rough but soft surface.

You can choose:

  • foamed vinyl with decorative embossing (for linen, mat, textured leather, etc.);

Structured Vinyl Vinyl Wallpapers

  • vinyl for painting, that is, white or beige wallpaper, which can be repainted up to 10 times.

Vinyl wallpaper for the kitchen for painting

They are not distinguished by high strength and moisture resistance, but still they can be cleaned with a damp cloth without strong friction and abrasives, so they are suitable for the kitchen to some degree. And most importantly, they are harmless, as the foamed vinyl coating has a porous structure that allows the wall to "breathe."Another plus of them - due to their relief, they make wall irregularities barely noticeable.

  1. Let's go to flat vinyl.
  • The best for the kitchen wallpaper in terms of strength and ease of care - superwashable ("Super Washing"), with increased moisture resistance and increased thickness of the protective layer of PVC, due to which they look a little rough. In addition, the number of designs in this group is limited;

Super washable vinyl wallpaper for the kitchen

  • Compact vinyl is also often chosen for the kitchen. They are durable and easy to maintain, because they are not afraid of water and cleaning. Can imitate textiles, plaster, natural stone;
  • Silk-screen printing, paper-based coating imitating smooth silk with deep embossing. They are considered not very durable, so they should be glued in canteens. In addition, they can not hide the small flaws of the wall.

Hot stamping vinyl wallpaper (silk-screen printing)

  1. Finally, solid vinyl is a heat-treated, that is, evaporated PVC coating, from which all harmful substances are removed.

Vinyl wallpaper for the kitchen

As we have said, this is the best wallpaper for the kitchen, as they have all the advantages of washable vinyl wallpaper, but they “breathe”, and because of the smooth surface, they are still very easy to wipe. But the price is higher.

An important departure from the topic - vinyl wallpaper - breathing or not breathing?

Vinyl wallpaper is often blamed for the fact that they "do not breathe." And this, unfortunately, is true, since vinyl has no pores that could ensure the processes of air exchange, accumulation and evaporation of excessive moisture in the room. However, this disadvantage is completely solved - frequent airing, as well as the use of glue and primer with an antiseptic.

But it is best to buy the same solid vinyl wallpaper, which has a base of a special non-woven material or a three-layer paper, which has a microcapillary structure.

Step 3. Calculate the material consumption.

Wallpaper consumption

To calculate, it is necessary to calculate the perimeter of the kitchen according to the formula: the length of one wall + the length of the adjacent wall x 2. For example, if the length of one wall is 5 meters, the other is 3 meters, the perimeter will be 16 meters.

If the length of the opposite walls is different (there are niches and protrusions), then the perimeter is considered differently:

  1. the length of each wall is calculated (taking into account the grooves and convex parts).
  2. All indicators are added up - the result is the perimeter.
  • There is no need to “subtract” windows and doors, let the excess remain prozapas.

Next, we do the calculation of material consumption. For this you need:

  1. Determine the required number of paintings. To do this, the perimeter of the room should be divided by the roll width (the standard roll width is 53 cm, but it is better to clarify by looking at the size on the package). We round it up in a big way and, thus, we understand the number of canvases necessary for pasting the kitchen. If we divide our perimeter (16 meters) by the standard roll width (53 cm), then, when rounded, we get 31 webs (1600/53 = 30.2).
  • To determine the height of the canvas, we use this technique: we take the height of the kitchen (for example, 2.50 m), add “rapport” (rapport is a step with which the pattern is repeated on the wallpaper, it is indicated on the packaging if the wallpaper with a picture) + stock on cropping top and bottom (10 cm). We count: height - 2.50 m + 50 cm “rapport” + 10 cm for trimming = 3.10 - the height of the web.
  1. Determine how many paintings in a roll. To do this, you need to divide the length of the roll by the height of one web. The standard length is slightly more than 10 m (10 m and 5 cm). We have already calculated the height in the previous paragraph. We consider: if the roll length is 10 m, and the web height is 3.10 m, then there are only 3 blades in one roll. The remaining centimeters - trimming.
  2. Determine the required number of rolls. To do this, it is necessary to divide the resulting number from the first item (31 in our case) by the resulting number from the second item (3 rolls) + 1 take a roll. We get: (kitchen perimeter - 31 m) / 3 (canvases in roll) + 1 = 12 rolls (after rounding).

Total, in our case, for pasting the entire kitchen you need to buy 12 rolls. Make a similar calculation and get your number of required materials.

Step 4. We buy glue for vinyl wallpaper

How to choose wallpaper glue

Sticking vinyl wallpaper requires a special approach - in particular, in terms of preparing the adhesive mixture. The choice of adhesive for vinyl wallpaper depends on their type:

  • universal adhesives suitable only for light vinyl wallpaper;
  • there are also universal adhesives for all types of paper-based vinyl wallpaper;
  • adhesives for vinyl wallpaper on non-woven base.

As for the kitchen choose washable, thick and heavy vinyl wallpaper, the glue must match and be marked with the signature - “for heavy wallpaper”.

Tips for choosing adhesive for sticking vinyl wallpaper:

Color Indicator Glue
  • So that the wallpaper does not peel off for a long time and is easily glued, purchase glue from a trusted manufacturer, which contains no starch or impurities like PVA, which makes it difficult for the glue to dissolve in water.
  • Good glue should be completely dissolved in no more than 5 minutes, without forming lumps.
  • The finished glue should be a gel-like consistency, so that when applied it is not sprayed with a brush and is easily applied to the canvas.
  • Adhesive for vinyl wallpaper for finishing the kitchen must be moisture-resistant, this is especially important for pasting wallpaper for painting. Moisture-resistant adhesives can transfer 6−8 cycles of repainting the coating.
  • It is best to buy glue with a color indicator in the composition, which eliminates the occurrence of non-glued places, which is especially important for vinyl wallpaper on non-woven fabric, when the glue is applied directly to the wall.
  • Also, adhesive for vinyl wallpaper should have antiseptic additives (fungicides) to prevent mold from appearing under non-breathing wallpaper.

Step 5. Preparing the wall and everything you need

Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you do not need to bring the wall surface to a perfect condition, as they are dense and will be able to block small cracks. And yet, some requirements must be met.

  • Before glueing the wall should be smooth, clean and dry, without greasy stains, nails, remnants of old wallpaper and paint.
  • Also, surfaces should be primed with a special compound.
  • Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you need to test the readiness of the walls for pasting. To do this, swipe over the surface with your hand - it should be left without chalk and putty particles. In addition, a piece of film can be glued to the wall with adhesive tape (without gaps around the perimeter) and left for a day. If there is no condensation under the film the next day, then the surface is considered finished.

For work, prepare also:

What you need for wallpapering

And do not forget to prepare a clean workplace for cutting and spreading cloths, and also find a partner. After all, one with such a job can not cope.

Step 6. Sticking wallpaper like a pro

Now let's find out how to properly glue vinyl wallpaper. The process is quite simple and does not differ from pasting other types of wallpaper.

  1. First you need to make cutting: measure the height of the wall, and then cut the roll into strips of the desired length +10 cm allowance. If there is a drawing on the material that requires combining, then it is selected before sticking - that is why these wallpapers are always taken with a margin;
  2. After cutting glue is applied: if the base is non-woven, then glue is applied only on the wall, and if paper, then on the canvas, and on the wall (sometimes only on the canvas).

Tip: if you have glue without a color indicator, you can evenly distribute the glue by bending the smeared strip in half as shown in the photo below and letting it get wet.

How to glue vinyl wallpaper
  1. Before you glue vinyl wallpaper, you need to draw the markup using a building level or plumb.
How to glue vinyl wallpaper
  1. Wallpapers always glue from window to door. Glue them to butt, tightly fitting to each other.
How to glue vinyl wallpaper
  1. After gluing the canvas is straightened with a special rubber roller, as if drawing a Christmas tree: first we roll the roller along the center along the wallpaper, and then from the center to the edges. Especially carefully straighten the canvas under the ceiling plinth. Strongly rub or press on wet cloths it is impossible, especially if they on a paper substrate.
  2. After all the strips are glued, it will only be necessary to trim the edges at the level of the baseboard fixing with a sharp knife.If the plinth is not removed, then the wallpaper is bent inward and well-ironed.

As for sticking in the corners and behind the batteries, the recommendations here are as follows:

  1. In the corners of the canvas glued to the next wall and carefully smoothed. The strip is pasted on top along the preliminary vertical marking.
  2. For the radiators, 10 cm of cloths are wound up and carefully pressed with a roller.

How to glue vinyl wallpaper near the door, windows, outlets, etc. read here.

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For more information on how to properly glue vinyl wallpaper on non-woven base, you can see in the following video:

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